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Bai Shao

Bai Shao

Bai Shao, also known as Radix Paeoniae Alba or the White Peony Root, is an integral part of traditional herbal medicine. Offering a plethora of health benefits, it is an essential ingredient in various remedies, renowned for its ability to tonify the blood, among other things.

The Healing Nature of Bai Shao

Belonging to the 'Herbs that Tonify the Blood' category, Bai Shao carries a bitter and sour taste, with a mildly cool temperature. Its healing prowess enters through the liver, spleen, and to some extent, the lung meridians.

Typically, the dosage ranges between 5-30g, but it can also be consumed as a tincture (2-4ml).

Beneficial Actions and Indications

Nourishing Blood and Regulating Menstruation

White Peony Root is well-known for its capacity to nourish the blood, leading to improved menstrual health. It is an effective remedy for liver blood deficiency, anemia, and premenstrual syndrome. Its use leads to a decrease in symptoms like menstrual dysfunction, vaginal discharge, uterine bleeding, breast distention, and dull, lusterless nails.

Astringing Yin and Adjusting the Ying and Wei

Bai Shao is also beneficial in addressing Yin Deficiency sweating, disharmony between the liver and spleen, and disharmony between the Ying and Wei. Its use can help alleviate non-productive sweating and sweating due to Yin Collapse.

Calming Liver Yang, Liver Wind and Alleviating Pain

White Peony Root plays a pivotal role in calming the liver Yang and liver wind while also alleviating pain. It is used to treat conditions like liver Qi stagnation with liver Yang rising, liver wind with Yin and blood deficiency, and Bi syndrome due to blood deficiency.

Softening the Liver and Relieving Pain

In addition to these benefits, Bai Shao is also effective in softening the liver and relieving pain. Its use can lead to a decrease in symptoms like diarrhea, borborygmus, abdominal pain, and dysenteric disorders.

Contraindications, Incompatibilities, and Herb/Drug Interactions

While Bai Shao offers numerous health benefits, it is contraindicated for those with diarrhea from Deficiency Cold (Yang Deficiency), eczema or rashes from external wind attack, postpartum blood stagnation or those still bleeding, and liver disorders. It may also cause drowsiness, so caution is advised when driving or operating heavy machinery.

Bai Shao antagonizes Hb. Dendrobii Shi Hu, Hb. Cephalanoplos Xiao Ji and is incompatible with Rz. et Rx. Veratri Li Lu. It is also essential to exercise caution when used in conjunction with certain medications, including anticoagulants, anti-diabetics, and sedatives.


Bai Shao or White Peony Root is a potent herb, offering a wide range of health benefits. However, while it is generally safe for use, it's essential to be aware of any contraindications and potential drug interactions. Always consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating new herbs into your routine.

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